Chapter

Comparative Welfare Regimes Re‐Examined

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print February 1999 | ISBN: 9780198742005
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599163 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198742002.003.0005
 Comparative Welfare Regimes Re‐Examined

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The first part re‐examines the three worlds’ typology of welfare capitalism: the liberal welfare regime, the social democratic welfare regime, and the conservative welfare regime. A summary overview of the three regime characteristics is provided. The second part looks at the historical and comparative robustness of regime typologies, and examines whether a three‐way typology adequately exhausts the variance of the different regimes found in different countries. Three cases are identified that call for an additional fourth ‘world’; these are the Antipodes, the Mediterranean, and Japan.

Assuming the validity of these three claims, a total of six models is reached for 19–20 nations. These three cases are examined under the headings The Antipodean Fourth World, The Mediterranean Fourth World, and The East Asian Fourth World (Japan possibly with Korea and Taiwan). This second section of the chapter also looks at families and welfare regimes.

Keywords: Antipodean Fourth World; conservative welfare regime; East Asian Fourth World; families; four worlds typology; liberal welfare regime; Mediterranean Fourth World; social democratic welfare regime; three worlds typology; welfare capitalism; welfare regime typologies; welfare regimes

Chapter.  9231 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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