Chapter

Substance and Essence

J. L. Mackie

in Problems from Locke

Published in print May 1976 | ISBN: 9780198750369
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597947 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198750366.003.0004
 Substance and Essence

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This chapter considers both Locke's theory of substance and Berkeley's subsequent criticisms of it. Mackie discusses the difference between real essence and nominal essence. He argues that Locke should have equated substance with real essence and rejected the notion of substance as substratum. Mackie also argues that Locke invokes a theory of the use of language that anticipates the theory of natural kinds put forward by Kripke.

Keywords: Berkeley; Kripke; natural kinds; nominal essences; real essences; substance

Chapter.  14748 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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