Shaping the Alternatives: AD 350–360

Lewis Ayres

in Nicaea and its Legacy

Published in print October 2004 | ISBN: 9780198755067
Published online July 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602788 | DOI:
Shaping the Alternatives: AD 350–360

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Considers the period between 350 and 360. It begins with a consideration of the Emperor Constantius II and his influence on this decade. Consideration of his support for the gradually emerging ‘Homoian’ movement and its direct critique of ousia language is followed by an account of Athanasius’s initial defence of Nicaea’s terminology in the 350s. Offers an account of Aetius and Eunomius, showing how their theology helped to define the theological conflict of this decade. Discussion of Basil of Ancyra and the Homoiousians is followed by an account of the theoogy of Cyril of Jerusalem. Cyril possibly stands as an example of the theology of many eastern bishops who found themselves caught between more polemic options.

Keywords: Aetius; Athanasius; Basil of Ancyra; Constantius; creeds; Eunomians; Eunomius; Homoians; Homoiousians; homoousios; Nicaea

Chapter.  16466 words. 

Subjects: Early Christianity

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