Chapter

The Evolution of the Brazilian Environmental Movement and Its Political Roles

Kathryn Hochstetler

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America

Published in print January 1997 | ISBN: 9780198781837
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598968 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198781830.003.0008

Series: Oxford Studies in Democratization

 The Evolution of the Brazilian Environmental Movement and Its Political Roles

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Perceptions of the political importance of social movements and popular organizations often err by seeing only one of their many possible roles. An analysis of the evolution of the Brazilian environmental movement in the 1980s, as they themselves perceive it and through its impact on Brazilian politics, shows how the myriad groups went through different combinations of four important political roles. Although with less impact on the first of these—state transformation (the usual focus of analysis)—the environmental groups showed significant activity in other roles: representation of popular interests, cultural politics, and action in the informal polity.

Keywords: Brazil; cultural politics; environment; informal polity; NGOs; political perception; political roles; representation; social movements

Chapter.  11456 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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