Popular Responses to State‐Sponsored Violence in Brazil

Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America

Published in print January 1997 | ISBN: 9780198781837
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598968 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Democratization

 Popular Responses to State‐Sponsored Violence in Brazil

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Highlights a fundamental contradiction in Brazil's democracy: the coexistence of political rights with pervasive human rights abuse. Political violence, condoned by the state, inhibits the extension of citizenship rights. Brazilian Human Rights NGOs have made significant gains in combating societal and state violence. However, NGOs and other civil society actors are limited in their ability to curb the use of extra‐legal force by the extensive corruption within the state's judicial and security systems and by the lack of accountability in its political society. The ability to extend and to consolidate democracy in Brazil is blocked by the persistence of authoritarian practice within society and state.

Keywords: accountability politics; Brazil; corruption; democratic consolidation; human rights; inequality; non‐governmental Organizations; Rule of Law; violence

Chapter.  9524 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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