Chapter

Social Class, Mental Ability, and Education

Henry Phelps Brown

in The Inequality of Pay

Published in print April 1979 | ISBN: 9780198851202
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191596780 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198851200.003.0007
 Social Class, Mental Ability, and Education

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This chapter studies the connection between social class, mental ability, education, and entry into employment, and is a further development of the previous chapter on intergenerational mobility between occupations. The different sections of this chapter are: The association between occupation and IQ; Evidence for the genetic determination of IQ potential; The effects of differences between classes in the upbringing of children on the development of IQ; The relation between parents’ class and their children's IQ; Class differences in the use made of education; Class differences in extent of education; Education as investment: human capital theory; and Entry into employment. The last section reviews and discusses the material presented, drawing out eight main points.

Keywords: children's IQ; class; class differences; development of IQ; education; education as investment; entry into employment; extent of education; genetic determination of IQ; human capital theory; IQ; mental ability; occupation; parental class; social class; upbringing; use of education

Chapter.  23827 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Economics

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