Chapter

Differences of Individual Earnings Within an Occupation

Henry Phelps Brown

in The Inequality of Pay

Published in print April 1979 | ISBN: 9780198851202
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191596780 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0198851200.003.0008
 Differences of Individual Earnings Within an Occupation

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So far in the book, only the average pay in each occupation has been addressed, but there is generally a wide dispersion of individual pay about that average. The examination of these differences in this chapter throws light on the factors affecting individual pay, in the presence of a given structure of pay by occupation. These factors are also explored by another approach in the next chapter. The different sections of the chapter are: The extent of the variance of earnings within particular occupations; Short‐period fluctuations of earnings; The variation of earnings with age; Differences in individual performance; Differences within local labour markets; and Differences of region and of unionization. The last section reviews and discusses the material presented, drawing out three main points.

Keywords: age differences; average earnings; average pay; earnings differences; earnings fluctuations; labour markets; occupation; pay; pay differences; pay structure; performance differences; rates of pay; regional variation; trade unions; unionization

Chapter.  12714 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Economics

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