Chapter

Socialism and the Environment

Avner de‐Shalit

in The Environment Between Theory and Practice

Published in print March 2000 | ISBN: 9780199240388
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599033 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199240388.003.0007
 Socialism and the Environment

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Many theorists are happy with democracy as a means to protect the environment; however, there is empirical evidence that democracy is not enough to guarantee environment friendly policies. This chapter examines the economic arrangements (private vs. public ownership, decentralized and free market, centralized and planned production) that are more likely to protect the environment. It is argued that despite current scepticism, democratic socialism is best for the environment, although the case with public ownership of property is more complicated: it is more likely to protect the environment when the relevant ownership is of means of production, but not necessarily when the question is of the object that is being polluted.

Keywords: democracy; democratic socialism; environment; environmental policy; free market; planned economy; pollution; private ownership; public ownership

Chapter.  21539 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Environment

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