Chapter

The Struggle for a Hegemonic Presidency

Graeme Gill and Roger D. Markwick

in Russia's Stillborn Democracy?

Published in print March 2000 | ISBN: 9780199240418
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599347 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199240418.003.0004
 The Struggle for a Hegemonic Presidency

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With the fall of the Soviet Union and the emergence of Russia as an independent state, the Russian political elite sought to mould a new political system. Yeltsin and those around him set out to create a hegemonic presidency, with significant power vested in the office of the president and the presidential apparatus he constructed. In contrast, the majority in the legislature seemed to favour a system in which presidential power was more restricted and the legislature had a dominant role to play. Such political differences, heightened by conflict over the policies of economic shock therapy introduced by the Gaidar government, culminated in Yeltsin's sacking of the legislature and his dispersal of it by force in a Bonapartist coup, ratified by legislative elections and a constitutional referendum.

Keywords: constitutional referendum; coup; elections; elite; Gaidar, Yegor; legislature; presidency; Russia; shock therapy; Yeltsin, Boris

Chapter.  21809 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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