Chapter

A Debilitated President

Graeme Gill and Roger D. Markwick

in Russia's Stillborn Democracy?

Published in print March 2000 | ISBN: 9780199240418
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599347 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199240418.003.0005
 A Debilitated President

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The new constitution adopted in December 1993 was designed to subordinate the legislature to executive authority and minimize electoral uncertainty for the president. With the new Duma marginalized, Yeltsin ruled through what many called his “court”. This strategy created continuing tension within elite circles. This was not eased by the parliamentary election of 1995 in which the anti‐Yeltsin forces again did well and by the fraught circumstances of the 1996 presidential election. Although this returned Yeltsin to office, his physical frailty led to his increasing reliance upon his immediate entourage, especially the so‐called “family” of advisors and oligarchs. The resultant political vacuum could not be filled by an activist President Yeltsin, by a vigorous parliament, or by an independent prime minister, with the result that the Yeltsin regime headed into its twilight with, at its head, a debilitated president occupying a powerful presidency.

Keywords: constitution; court; Duma; election; family; legislature; parliament; presidency; prime minister; Yeltsin, Boris

Chapter.  17679 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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