Chapter

The Two Paths of Agrarian System Evolution in the Philippine Rice Bowl

Yujiro Hayami and Masao Kikuchi

in Communities and Markets in Economic Development

Published in print May 2001 | ISBN: 9780199241019
Published online August 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601217 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199241015.003.0003
 The Two Paths of Agrarian System Evolution in the Philippine Rice Bowl

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This chapter analyses the emergence of two distinct agrarian systems in major rice-producing provinces in Luzon Island, Philippines. These are the large hacienda system characterized by the management hierarchy for supervising a large number of tenants in Inner Central Luzon, and the relatively small-scale landlordism wherein landlords and tenants were tied by a patron-client bond. These agrarian systems evolved despite basic similarities in economic conditions such as ecological conditions for rice production, market access, colonial history, and post-independent government policies such as land reform.

Keywords: agrarian systems; Luzon; Philippines; rice; hacienda; landlord and tenant

Chapter.  10822 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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