Chapter

Political Competition and the Reform Trajectories of Post‐Communist States

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780199241194
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602382 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199241198.003.0002
 Political Competition and the Reform Trajectories of Post‐Communist States

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The quality of political competition at the moment of regime change determined whether East European states embarked on a liberal or an illiberal pattern of political change after 1989. It was initially determined by the presence or absence of an opposition to communism strong enough to take power in 1989, and secondarily by the presence or absence of a reforming communist party. This chapter makes the theoretical case for why political competition is central to understanding variation in the domestic trajectories of post-communist states. It also presents a model of the causal mechanisms that translate different levels of political competition into liberal and illiberal political outcomes.

Keywords: democratic monopoly; democratization; economic liberalization; economic reform; historical institutionalism; illiberal democracy; information asymmetries; institutions; liberal democracy; partial reform; political competition; rent-seeking

Chapter.  5919 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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