Chapter

Liberal and Illiberal Democracy After Communism

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780199241194
Published online April 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191602382 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199241198.003.0003
 Liberal and Illiberal Democracy After Communism

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The empirical variation between the political trajectories of Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic, on the one hand, and Romania, Bulgaria, and Slovakia, on the other, is striking in the early 1990s. The presence or absence of an opposition to communism strong enough to take and hold power in 1989 put the first group of states on the road to liberal democracy, and the second group on the road to illiberal democracy. This chapter compares the two groups of states in three areas: the nature of the opposition to communism and of the regime change in 1989; the political, economic, and national policies of the first post-communist governments; and the quality of the left alternative available to voters after1989.

Keywords: communism; communist parties; concentration of power; corruption; dissidents; economic crisis; ethnic geography; ethnic nationalism; foreign direct investment; opposition; regime change; rent-seeking; shock therapy

Chapter.  16358 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: European Union

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