Chapter

Black Sea, 1860–1990

Charles King

in The Black Sea

Published in print March 2004 | ISBN: 9780199241613
Published online August 2004 | e-ISBN: 9780191601439 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199241619.003.0006
Black Sea, 1860–1990

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The end of empires and the rise of nation-states meant that many of the historical connections around the sea were severed. The sea came to be an object of desire for both state-builders and nationalists. In the twentieth century, modernization projects in both the Soviet Union and Turkey led to the sea's environmental degradation and a genuine ecological crisis.

Keywords: ecology; empires; environment; modernization; nationalism; nation-states; Soviet Union; Turkey

Chapter.  22787 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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