Chapter

Japan

D. Eleanor Westney

in Oxford Handbook of International Business

Published in print August 2001 | ISBN: 9780199241828
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191596834 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199241821.003.0022
Japan

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The rapid expansion of Japanese multinational enterprises (MNEs) in the 1980s changed the nature of competition in several major industries and attracted wide popular and scholarly attention. Japanese MNEs are arguably the most studied population of MNEs next to those from the USA, and summarizing this extensive literature poses a challenge. This chapter tries to accomplish three things. First, it provides an overview of the scope, timing, and destination of Japanese foreign direct investment (FDI)—three of the fundamental topics of interest in international business—in order to supply a basic map of when and where Japanese companies extended their operations abroad. Second, it takes the research on Japanese MNEs conducted in the 1970s as a benchmark to examine their evolution over time. Finally, it looks at Japan as a host country for foreign multinationals.

Keywords: expansion; foreign direct investment; Japan; multinational enterprises; research

Chapter.  11722 words. 

Subjects: International Economics

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