Chapter

Choosing Socially Efficient Institutions

Josep M. Colomer

in Political Institutions

Published in print February 2001 | ISBN: 9780199241835
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191598975 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019924183X.003.0005

Series: Comparative Politics

 Choosing Socially Efficient Institutions

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Three types of political regimes are evaluated for their success in establishing stable and durable democracies. These are parliamentarism with majority electoral rules, parliamentarism with proportional representation, and presidentialism. An empirical analysis of the 123 attempts to establish democratic regimes in countries with more than one million inhabitants since the nineteenth century shows that parliamentarism with proportional representations is the formula with highest rates of success. This empirical finding supports the hypothesis that pluralistic political institutions have higher capability to produce socially efficient outcomes and obtain endogenous support.

Keywords: democracy; democratization; parliamentarism; pluralism; political stability; presidentialism; proportional representation; social efficiency

Chapter.  4584 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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