Chapter

Recovery and Crisis: 1945–1949

Ranald C. Michie

in The London Stock Exchange

Published in print April 2001 | ISBN: 9780199242559
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191596643 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199242550.003.0009
 Recovery and Crisis: 1945–1949

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The first part of this chapter discusses the efforts by the London Stock Exchange to survive and prosper post‐war under continuing government control, and to try to avoid direct Treasury supervision of the securities market––or even nationalization. Steps towards a peacetime operation are outlined––they were slow and had to be arranged in direct consultation with the government. The second part of the chapter describes the various post‐war institutional changes in the Stock Exchange in the light of the slowly emerging arrangement whereby it was trusted with responsible management of the securities market within a framework set by the (nationalized) Bank of England, and ultimately determined by the Treasury and government. The last part of the chapter looks at the declining importance of the Stock Exchange as the global securities market began to bypass London, as a result of the combined influence of both exchange controls and the Stock Exchange's own restrictive practices on international business; it was also unable to capitalize on its established domestic securities position.

Keywords: Bank of England; Britain; change; domestic securities; economic history; exchange controls; foreign business; government control; history; institution; international business; London Stock Exchange; Second World War; securities market; Treasury

Chapter.  17701 words. 

Subjects: Economic History

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