This chapter assesses an aspect of ecocentric thought that has to date been somewhat neglected, its account of human welfare and human needs. Ecocentrists argue that our understanding of human needs requires ‘restructuring’ in an ecologically informed way. In particular, we have to recognize a human need for contact with ‘free’ nature. This argument is supported by two versions of the ‘co‐evolution hypothesis’. This argument is found to offer, at best, only weak reasons for a policy of nature preservation.
Keywords: co‐evolution; ecocentrism; nature; needs; welfare
Chapter. 15135 words.
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