Chapter

New Marx for Old? Marxism, Humanity, and Ecology

Mathew Humphrey

in Preservation Versus the People?

Published in print August 2002 | ISBN: 9780199242672
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599514 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199242674.003.0005
 New Marx for Old? Marxism, Humanity, and Ecology

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The proponents of an ecologically inspired form of Marxism, or a Marx‐inspired form of political ecology, argue that eco‐Marxism transcends the anthropocentric‐ecocentric dichotomy, and this chapter assesses that claim. The concept of nature in the work of Marx is examined, as are the ecological interpretations of Marx and Engels’ account of the ‘human‐nature metabolism.’ The differences between eco‐Marxism and ‘orthodox Marxism, as well as between eco‐Marxism and other forms of ecological politics are explored. Ultimately, it is held that Marx's commitment to the humanization of nature in the fulfilment of humanity's species‐being disables any form of Marxism from being adequately ecological.

Keywords: eco‐Marxism; Friedrich Engels; humanization; human‐nature metabolism; Karl Marx; nature; political ecology; species‐being

Chapter.  22555 words. 

Subjects: Environment

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