Chapter

Leibniz and Kant

Rae Langton

in Kantian Humility

Published in print January 2001 | ISBN: 9780199243174
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597909 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199243174.003.0005
 Leibniz and Kant

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Attending to Leibniz, is a first step towards discovering why Humility is supposed to follow from Receptivity. Leibniz shares Kant's Distinction between phenomena and things in themselves; he denies Receptivity, since he denies causal influence; but he has epistemological ambition. Kant says Leibniz ‘took the appearances for things in themselves’: acquaintance with phenomena through perception is (confused) acquaintance with monads; acquaintance with the physical realm of relations is acquaintance with the monadic realm of intrinsic properties, as implied by the ‘mirror thesis’, and the ‘well‐foundedness’ of phenomena. This denial of Humility has its source in metaphysics: Leibniz takes phenomena for monads because he takes relations to be reducible to (supervenient on) intrinsic properties. His denial of Humility rests on his commitment to irreducibility.

Keywords: Humility; intrinsic; intrinsic properties; Kant; Leibniz; mirror thesis; monad; perception; phenomena; Receptivity; Reducibility; relational; supervenience

Chapter.  13858 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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