The Imposition of Democracy: The Caribbean

Laurence Whitehead

in The International Dimensions of Democratization

Second edition

Published in print June 2001 | ISBN: 9780199243754
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600333 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Democratization

 The Imposition of Democracy: The Caribbean

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The history of the Caribbean provides a clear illustration of the ‘control’ method of imposed democratization and of the comparative effectiveness of three sub‐types of control—incorporation, invasion, and intimidation. It also raises challenging questions regarding the effectiveness of US democratization pressure on the region, with only Puerto Rico (incorporation) existing as a fully consolidated democracy. Other forms of democratic imposition have occurred in Panama (invasion) and Nicaragua (intimidation), using very different methods and producing very different results.

Keywords: Caribbean; democratization; Nicaragua; Panama; Puerto Rico

Chapter.  13903 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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