Laurence Whitehead

in The International Dimensions of Democratization

Second edition

Published in print June 2001 | ISBN: 9780199243754
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600333 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Democratization


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Reviews the general conclusions of the book, highlighting the differences between the European and Latin American experiences of democratization, and the developments that have taken place in both regions since the publication of the first edition of the book in 1996. It elaborates five component principles: first, that democratization involves not just short‐term internally driven transition but also longer‐term externally supported consolidation; second, that in the case of the European Union, the accession criteria involve very substantial inroads into democratic polity; third, that the interaction of ‘social foundations’ and ‘market economy’ principles may be vitally affected by international factors; fourth, that the normative principles regarding democratization can emerge only from deliberations that take place on an international scale; fifth, that democratization involves more than the free expression of the will of the electorate—and that the control of ‘popular sovereignty’ is an issue that the theorists of older and more stable democracies have tended to ignore. Recent experiences, both in Europe and Latin America, indicate that there are major international dimensions to all five components of democratization.

Keywords: democratization

Chapter.  4983 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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