Chapter

Removing Barriers to Trade: Empirical Evidence

Michelle P. Egan

in Constructing a European Market

Published in print June 2001 | ISBN: 9780199244058
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599132 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199244057.003.0003
 Removing Barriers to Trade: Empirical Evidence

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Focuses on the costs of market fragmentation in Europe. It reviews the economic impact of removing barriers to trade as a result of divergent national standards, testing, and certification requirements. Ranked by business as the most important barrier to trade, these domestic regulations can prevent firms from engaging in cross‐border competition and hinder market access. Like other forms of trade protection, such non‐tariff barriers impact the importing country through higher domestic prices, higher cost margins and productive inefficiencies. This chapter also highlights the impact of trade barriers on firm strategies, and provides some empirical evidence of the benefits expected to accrue from market integration.

Keywords: certification; domestic regulations; market access; market fragmentation; market integration; non‐tariff barriers; standards; testing; trade barriers; trade protection

Chapter.  8027 words. 

Subjects: European Union

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