Dependency Burdens in the Developing World

John Bongaarts

in Population Matters

Published in print August 2001 | ISBN: 9780199244072
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191595974 | DOI:
 Dependency Burdens in the Developing World

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The dependency burden, which is the ratio of dependent young and old to the population of working age, varies as a country moves through demographic transition. Following a modest initial rise, the dependency ratio typically undergoes a prolonged period of decline during the central part of transition. This decline is closely linked to the decline in fertility. The timing, duration and magnitude of the decline in dependency rate in mid-transitional societies are largely determined by the timing, duration, and magnitude of fertility declines.

Keywords: dependency burden; demographic transition; developing countries; young; old; fertility

Chapter.  3136 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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