Chapter

Demographic Transition and Poverty: Effects Via Economic Growth, Distribution, and Conversion

Robert Eastwood and Michael Lipton

in Population Matters

Published in print August 2001 | ISBN: 9780199244072
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191595974 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199244073.003.0009
 Demographic Transition and Poverty: Effects Via Economic Growth, Distribution, and Conversion

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This chapter examines the results of Eastwood and Lipton (1999) which indicate that high fertility change has large negative growth and distribution effects on poverty. It is argued that the ‘conversion effect’ of high fertility on poor and near poor people’s capacity to turn a given consumption and income into capabilities and well-being is also negative and large. The strength of interactions between fertility and poverty are shown in the context of various ‘vicious circles’ that have emerged as centrepieces of the new development economics.

Keywords: fertility; poverty; economic growth; economic development; demographic change; poor

Chapter.  21750 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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