Chapter

Inequality and the Family in Latin America

Ricardo Hausmann and Miguel Székely

in Population Matters

Published in print August 2001 | ISBN: 9780199244072
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191595974 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199244073.003.0010
 Inequality and the Family in Latin America

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This chapter examines the causes of the large differences in fertility between countries, and between poor and rich households in Latin America. It is shown that the opportunity cost for women to enter the labour market plays a critical role. A high return to female market work generates high participation, lower demand for children, and higher educational attainment by those children. This process depends not only on the educational attainment of the mother, but also on the potential returns to female education in the labour market.

Keywords: fertility; education; inequality; households; Latin America; family

Chapter.  14470 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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