Poland: Compatibility of External and Internal Democratic Designs

Antoni Z. Kamiński

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print June 2001 | ISBN: 9780199244096
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600371 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Studies in Democratization

 Poland: Compatibility of External and Internal Democratic Designs

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Points out the remarkable progress in Poland in its transition to market capitalism and liberal democracy was due in part to support from Western governments and international institutions as well as to Poland's historical compatibility with the Euro‐Atlantic liberal‐democratic political and economic order. In order to assess the role of international factors in the development of democratic consolidation, this chapter examines four areas of change in the years following the breakthrough of 1989: (1) the economic stabilization programme known as ‘Balcerowicz Programme’; (2) Poland's foreign policy reorientation; (3) civilian control over the military; and (4) the reorganization of the Polish State. The chapter also examines the determinants of domestic responses to external factors, including the limited number of such actors, a well defined set of expectations, good understanding of the problems faced by internal political actors, and a willingness of internal policy makers to adopt, and the support of domestic public opinion.

Keywords: Balcerowicz Programme; democratic consolidation; economic stabilization; foreign policy; liberal democracy; market capitalism; military; Poland; public opinion; state

Chapter.  5518 words. 

Subjects: Politics

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