Philosophy and Pedagogy

A. A. Long

in Epictetus

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780199245567
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597923 | DOI:
 Philosophy and Pedagogy

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Epictetus’ philosophy combines rationality, empiricism, and eudaimonism. He refutes scepticism by arguing that this stance involves self‐refutation. He requires his students to recognise that Stoicism requires complete commitment to the wish to live free from error. He divides his curriculum into three stages: ’desires and aversions’, ’appropriate actions’, and ’advanced logic’, emphasizing the need to master the first of these before going on to the others. In his self‐presentation, he distances himself from capitalized Philosophers, much as Plato distances Socrates from the Sophists.

Keywords: aversions; commitment; desires; empiricism; eudaimonism; Rationality; scepticism; self‐refutation; sophism

Chapter.  10877 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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