Chapter

Natures: Divine, Human, Animal

A. A. Long

in Epictetus

Published in print January 2002 | ISBN: 9780199245567
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597923 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199245568.003.0007
 Natures: Divine, Human, Animal

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Rather than expounding Stoic cosmology, Epictetus offers a strikingly personalist conception of God. His focus on divine providence echoes Socrates. Human kinship to God, and the internal divinity constituted by human rationality, are the principal themes of his theology (ideas that strongly echo Plato). Epictetus presents the normative human condition as a process that starts at the merely animal level and ends with achieving independence from the body and self‐conscious understanding of divine providence.

Keywords: cosmology; divine providence; Epictetus; God; internal divinity; personalism; Plato; rationality; Stoicism

Chapter.  14063 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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