Like earlier Stoics, Epictetus views the goal of ethics as life in accordance with nature, but he gives that goal distinctively theonomic foundations. His conception of happiness is explored, together with his insistence that everyone is naturally motivated by self‐interest, which, when properly understood, is the precondition of a properly social identity. He construes living well as making the most skilful use of every circumstance, as exemplified by the way Socrates conducted himself at the end of his life.
Keywords: Epictetus; ethics; happiness; living well; self‐interest; social identity; theology
Chapter. 10323 words.
Subjects: Ancient Philosophy
Full text: subscription required