Chapter

Ethnic Diversities, Constitutional Designs, and Public Policies in India

David Stuligross and Varshney Ashutosh

in The Architecture of Democracy

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780199246465
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600135 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246467.003.0016

Series: Oxford Studies in Democratization

 Ethnic Diversities, Constitutional Designs, and Public Policies in India

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Examines how India's constitutional provisions and public policies have dealt with the nation's four main sources of ethnic diversity—religion, language, caste, and tribe. It addresses three questions. First, how did India's constitution makers and founding fathers propose to deal with the problems of each category, as they went about building the nation? Second, what has been the impact of the constitutional provisions, institutional frameworks, and public policies that they devised? Third, could constitutional and public policy engineering have achieved the objectives set, or have some other factors intervened to produce the actual outcomes? It concludes that while India's constitutional design has been a great success in respect of linguistic diversity, the record has been mixed in respect of the other categories.

Keywords: caste; ethnic relations; India; language; religion; tribe

Chapter.  11656 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Politics

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