Chapter

Intellect

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Theism

Published in print September 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246533
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597886 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/019924653X.003.0007
 Intellect

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The natural theology we have been investigating has undertaken to show that there must be a necessarily unique and absolutely simple being that constitutes the ultimate explanation of everything. The accounts that Aquinas has provided of certain important metaphysical attributes seem to anticipate the attribution of mind to God. Aquinas indicates that applying a creaturely predicate to God in the way prescribed by the relational method is rarely, if ever, a matter of simply extending the use of a familiar term. Only intellectivity, not reason or wisdom, is the best choice of perfection, specific to humans. Aquinas gives various arguments showing intellect's place in the extensive aspect of God's universal perfection, which underlies divine causation.

Keywords: absolute simplicity; Aquinas; divine causation; God; necessarily unique being; ultimate explanation; universal perfection

Chapter.  11696 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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