Chapter

Creation as Doubly Universal Production

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Creation

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246540
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597879 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246548.003.0003
 Creation as Doubly Universal Production

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With respect to God's producing of things, the divine transeunt activity is considered in this chapter; Aquinas argues that God is for all things, the cause of being. God's production of things is distributively universal (for all things) and intrinsically universal (the cause of being). This characterization of intrinsic universality is entailed by the production's being absolutely independent of antecedent matter (and, therefore, devoid of any operation on any pre‐existing stuff). The notion of prime matter must be included among the products (or at least among the by‐products) of God's universal production for Aquinas, although the justification he offers is not the strongest sort available to him. One way of combining the distributive and intrinsic universality of God's production of things is to view the primordial universe as its single immediate effect. God's creating involves no movement, successiveness, or change.

Keywords: antecedent matter; Aquinas; change; creation; distributively universal; God; intrinsically universal; movement; prime matter; transeunt activity

Chapter.  13524 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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