Creation's Modalities

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Creation

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246540
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597879 | DOI:
 Creation's Modalities

Show Summary Details


Focuses on the investigation of the question—why would an absolutely perfect being create anything at all? Aquinas's account of a non‐necessitated choice in the act of creating involves a return to the topic of God's power and omnipotence, opposing the single‐effect account of creation, and considering the modalities of intellection and volition. Aquinas denies any necessitation of creation stemming out of an obligation of justice or from God's perfect goodness. He then undertakes to show how not merely conditional but even absolute necessity characterizes certain aspects of the created world, despite his conviction that its original production is entirely free. Aquinas concludes his full survey of creation's modalities by showing how each kind of cause—material, formal, efficient, and final—gives rise to absolute necessity in nature.

Keywords: absolute; Aquinas; creation; efficient cause; final cause; God; goodness; material cause; necessity; volition

Chapter.  18559 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.