Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Creation

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246540
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597879 | DOI:

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Aquinas devotes the entire third (last part) of Book II to considering only one kind of created things: intellects, or more precisely, only such kinds of created things as are essentially intellective in themselves. In only one of his arguments for why created things include intellective substances, does he make the point that created intellect is a necessary condition of God's manifesting his goodness. Aquinas's conception of freedom is based on the intimate relationship between will and intellect: the presence of intellect may be recognized as a sufficient condition for the presence of will. Created intellective substances cannot be material at all, but unlike God, there is a difference between their existence and essence, which leads Aquinas to a detailed analysis of the interrelations of matter, form, substance, being, potentiality, and actuality.

Keywords: actuality; Aquinas; being; form; freedom; God; intellective substance; matter; potentiality; substance

Chapter.  19540 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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