Chapter

Metaphysical Hybrids

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Creation

Published in print October 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246540
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191597879 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246548.003.0008
 Metaphysical Hybrids

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Aquinas investigates how intellective substances can be united with corporeal substances. After ruling out several kinds of union: mixing, contact (taken literally), fastening, continuity, and composition, Aquinas goes on to consider power contact distinct from corporeal contact and unconditional union of intellective and corporeal substances in respect of a defining characteristic. The only way this would be possible is for one of the substances to be the substantial form for which the other is the matter. At this point, Aquinas shifts to the nature of human beings and human souls. Many arguments are examined and rejected by Aquinas before arriving at his account of a soul as the first principle of life in a living body, not part of that body, but rather its substantial form.

Keywords: Aquinas; corporeal  ; corporeal contact; intellective substance; matter; power contact; soul; substantial form; unconditional union

Chapter.  24203 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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