Tito Boeri, Agar Brugiavini, Lars Calmfors, Alison Booth, Michael Burda, Daniele Checchi, Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Richard Freeman, Pietro Garibaldi, Bertil Holmlund, Robin Naylor, Martin Schludi, Thierry Verdier and Jelle Visser

in The Role of Unions in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print August 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246588
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191596001 | DOI:

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Summarizes the main findings of this part of the report, stressing how the seniority bias in unions leads to economic outcomes that are more favourable to older workers. It analyses the ways in which unions can counteract this tendency and choose policies that benefit both young and older workers. Four final questions arise: (1) Do unions interact with the welfare state? How do they do it? (2) What explains union policies toward welfare outcomes? (3) Which institutional structure emphasizes unions' welfare‐enhancing activities relative to unions' rent‐seeking activities? (4) Can unions contribute to a reform of welfare systems?

Keywords: reform; seniority bias; union policies; unions' rent‐seeking activities; unions' welfare‐enhancing activities; welfare outcomes; welfare state

Chapter.  2592 words. 

Subjects: Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics

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