Chapter

Political Representation Policy

Amy G. Mazur

in Theorizing Feminist Policy

Published in print February 2002 | ISBN: 9780199246724
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599859 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246726.003.0004

Series: Gender and Politics

 Political Representation Policy

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In the first section, the analysis defines the general feminist aims and parameters of the sub‐area of Political Representation Policy. It then discusses the range and timing of policies found in the 13 countries and closes with a discussion of the criteria for selecting the four policy cases covered in the chapter. Political Representation policies include symbolic and material policies that enable women to achieve positions in elected and appointed office, semi‐public and public advisory boards, political parties, trade unions, and, more recently, organizations in the private sector. In the second section, the results of the analysis of the policy case literature on the dynamics of feminist policy formation is presented for the following four cases: The 1982 Affirmative Action Resolution of the ONDP in Canada; Institutionalising Pre‐Election Campaigns in Norway; The 1999 Constitutional Parity Amendment in France; and 1993 and 1995 Quota Legislation in Italy. The analysis concludes that the most important factors in determining feminist policy success in this particular sub‐sector of feminist policy may be strategic partnerships between women's policy agencies, women's movement actors in political parties, and women in political offices, the presence of a constitutional culture, and non‐feminist allies

Keywords: Canada; constitutional culture; feminist policy; France; Italy; Norway; political parties; political representation; strategic partnership

Chapter.  7936 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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