Chapter

Equal Employment Policy

Amy G. Mazur

in Theorizing Feminist Policy

Published in print February 2002 | ISBN: 9780199246724
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599859 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246726.003.0005

Series: Gender and Politics

 Equal Employment Policy

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In the first section, the analysis defines the general feminist aims and parameters of the sub‐area of Equal Employment Policy. It then discusses the range and timing of policies found in the 13 countries and closes with a discussion of the criteria for selecting the four policy cases covered in the chapter. Equal employment policy consists of government action that addresses the full range of barriers in the paid labour market that prevent women from participating in employment in the same manner as men. The major focal points of equal employment policies are employment decisions and the processes surrounding them on hiring, training, wages, promoting, and firing. In the second section, the results of the analysis of the policy case literature on the dynamics of feminist policy formation is presented for the following four cases: Discrimination Policy in the 1977 Act in Ireland; Nordic Catch‐all Policy in the 1979 Swedish Act; The 1983 Equal Value Amendment in Great Britain; and positive action in the 1983 Egalité Professionnelle Act in France. The analysis concludes that the most important factors in determining feminist policy success in this particular sub‐sector of feminist policy may be strategic partnerships between equality agencies, trade unions, and women in public office, authoritative equality agencies, and European Union equality policy.

Keywords: equal employment; equality agencies; European Union; feminist policy; France; Great Britain; Ireland; strategic partnership; Sweden; trade unions

Chapter.  9909 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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