Establishing a Machocracy: Women and Elections in Macedonia (1990–8)

Karolina Ristova

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780199246861
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191601965 | DOI:

Series: Gender and Politics

 Establishing a Machocracy: Women and Elections in Macedonia (1990–8)

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Democratization in Macedonia appears to have established a “machocracy”, rule by men. This chapter examines how machocracy has contributed to the low supply and demand for female candidates in Macedonia. It is argued that organized pressure to recruit more women can increase the supply of female candidates and the demand of party leaders for them. The experience with the mixed electoral system implemented in 1998 shows that the wider introduction of proportional representation can improve women’s representation.

Keywords: Macedonia; machoracy; elections; parliament; women’s representation; women in politics; political parties; female candidates

Chapter.  8433 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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