Chapter

The New Cold War and the UNHCR Under Poul Hartling

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics

Published in print May 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246915
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599781 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246912.003.0007
 The New Cold War and the UNHCR Under Poul Hartling

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During the 1980s the global refugee population expanded rapidly as a result of regional conflicts and refugee crises in Indochina, Afghanistan, Central America, Horn of Africa, and southern Africa. Huge care and maintenance programmes were established in nearby asylum countries under the auspices of the fifth High Commissioner, Poul Hartling. The global refugee total tripled and the UNHCR's budgets and programmes quintupled. The emphasis on aid delivery also reflected Western governments’ desire to assist refugee warrior communities fighting Soviet‐backed regimes, resulting in most refugee problems in regions of superpower conflict becoming protracted. At the same time asylum crises arose in Western Europe and North America.

Keywords: Afghanistan; Africa; aid delivery; asylum countries; asylum crises; Central America; Poul Hartling; Indochina; refugee warrior communities; regional conflicts

Chapter.  21057 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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