Chapter

The UNHCR's ‘New Look’, Financial Crisis, and Collapse of Morale Under Jean‐Pierre Hocke and Thorvald Stoltenberg

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics

Published in print May 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246915
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599781 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246912.003.0008
 The UNHCR's ‘New Look’, Financial Crisis, and Collapse of Morale Under Jean‐Pierre Hocke and Thorvald Stoltenberg

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To relieve the costs that long‐term care for protracted refugee populations imposed, donor governments began in the mid‐1980s to promote alternative approaches to the refugee problem, particularly repatriation. The sixth High Commissioner, Jean‐Pierre Hocke, advocated a new strategy that required the UNHCR to deal not only with asylum countries but also with countries of origin and the root causes of refugee exoduses. Cold war politics continued to paralyse diplomatic initiatives to break the deadlock of regional conflicts in most of Africa, Asia, and Central America. Donor governments became disillusioned with the UNHCR, leading to a major financial crisis for the agency with which the seventh High Commissioner, Thorvald Stoltenberg, had to deal.

Keywords: asylum countries; countries of origin; donor governments; financial crisis; Jean‐Pierre Hocke; refugee populations; regional conflicts; repatriation; Thorvald Stoltenberg

Chapter.  11359 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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