Chapter

The Post‐Cold War Era and the UNHCR Under Sadako Ogata

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics

Published in print May 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246915
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191599781 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246912.003.0009
 The Post‐Cold War Era and the UNHCR Under Sadako Ogata

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The 1990s ushered in a new era in which humanitarian issues played a historically unprecedented role in international politics. Refugee movements in northern Iraq, Somalia, former Yugoslavia, and Haiti were the subject of increasing discussion in political and military fora such as the UN Security Council and NATO. Forced displacements were also at the centre of crises in the African Great Lakes region, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Albania, Kosovo, and East Timor. The eighth High Commissioner, Sadako Ogata, initiated changes within UNHCR that permitted it to respond to internal displacements in ongoing civil wars as well as to promote mass repatriation movements to countries of origin in Central America, Southeast Asia, and Africa. These events have significant implications for the protection of refugees and for the future of humanitarianism.

Keywords: civil wars; countries of origin; forced displacement; humanitarianism; internal displacement; NATO; refugee protection; repatriation; Sadako Ogata; UN Security Council

Chapter.  35241 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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