Chapter

Jews and Christians Survive Rome's Crushing of Revolts

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society

Published in print December 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246953
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600463 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246955.003.0004

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 Jews and Christians Survive Rome's Crushing of Revolts

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The destruction of the Temple and banishment of Jews from Jerusalem by the emperor Hadrian made the survival of the Jewish people dependent on the ‘tenacious conservatism of an unassimilated and unassimilable Judaism’, tightly organized and ever more attached to the Torah and Jewish oral traditions. The Christian churches, by dropping circumcision and initiating their own rite of baptism, formed their universal rite of initiation, but it was the continuing celebration of the Eucharist that was the major factor in ensuring the Church's survival. The way in which the Christians celebrated Easter showed the depth of the continuity with their Jewish roots while endowing the synagogue calendar with an entirely Christian significance.

Keywords: baptism; Easter; eucharist; Jerusalem; Josephus; Talmud

Chapter.  2395 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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