Chapter

The Seeds of Reaction

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society

Published in print December 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246953
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600463 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246955.003.0030

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Seeds of Reaction

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Prominent bishops in the east remained sympathetic to Arius, and several anti‐Arian bishops, including Athanasius, were deposed. Athanasius and Eusebius of Caesarea both used the term ‘ecumenical’, i.e. of universal authority, of the Council of Nicaea. Constantine's policy was of reluctant tolerance of paganism, but his pro‐Christian stance provoked violent reactions from pagans in some places. The extent of Christian influence on Constantine's marriage legislation is unclear. At the time of Constantine's death and the division of imperial authority between his three sons, Constantine II, Constantius II and Constans, the Church was still bitterly divided over Arius.

Keywords: Athanasius; canons of Nicaea; Constantine; Eusebius of Caesarea; marriage; paganism

Chapter.  5198 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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