A Fiasco at Serdica

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society

Published in print December 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246953
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600463 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 A Fiasco at Serdica

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The council held at Serdica (modern Sofia) in the 340s on the initiative of the emperors Constans and Constantius II was meant to be an ecumenical gathering, but split into an eastern synod and a western synod, meeting separately. The emperors' plans for reconciliation were destroyed by western intransigence and the eastern refusal to hold communion with Athanasius and Marcellus. The western statement of faith exacerbated disagreement on the nature of the Trinity and the authority of Rome. A synod at Milan in 345 confirmed that for Rome and the west the Nicene Creed had become the crucial test of orthodoxy.

Keywords: Athanasius; Council of Serdica; Rome; Synod of Milan; Trinitarian doctrine

Chapter.  6572 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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