Chapter

Julian and the Church <sup>1</sup>

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society

Published in print December 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246953
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600463 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246955.003.0037

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 Julian and the Church  1

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The emperor Julian (‘the apostate’) had inwardly abandoned Christianity and converted to polytheism at the age of 20 in 351, and succeeded Constantius II in 361. Initially, Julian wanted religious toleration, but the restoration of polytheism caused offence and hostility among Christians, who could make common cause with those who questioned the legitimacy of Julian's accession. In his writings, Julian criticized Christianity as a new religion, but Christian influence can be seen in his organization of the cult of the sun god. Julian's death on campaign in Persia in 363 weakened but did not destroy paganism, which continued among peasants, landowners, and intellectuals.

Keywords: Julian the Apostate; paganism

Chapter.  9230 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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