Chapter

Basil of Caesarea (Cappadocia)

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society

Published in print December 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246953
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600463 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199246955.003.0039

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 Basil of Caesarea (Cappadocia)

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Discusses the life and career of Basil as bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia and his role in early monasticism. In the constant disagreements amongst the bishops of Asia Minor, Basil supported the Nicene Creed and the asceticism of Eustathius of Sebaste. His letters on canon law became authoritative and he laid down rules for monks and nuns. However, his plans for filling all the sees of Cappadocia with pro‐Nicene bishops were hampered by the division of the province into two by the emperor Valens. Basil also wrote with authority on moral problems, the liturgy, festivals, and relics of martyrs. But his ‘supreme quest’ for church unity was ruined by the schism at Antioch, where two Nicene groups refused to worship together.

Keywords: Antioch; Basil of Caesarea; Cappadocia; Eustathius; monasticism

Chapter.  8077 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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