The Christological Debate, II: From Reunion (433) to a Breakdown of Unity (449)

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society

Published in print December 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246953
Published online November 2003 | e-ISBN: 9780191600463 | DOI:

Series: Oxford History of the Christian Church

 The Christological Debate, II: From Reunion (433) to a Breakdown of Unity (449)

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Continues the history of the Christological debate from the Formulary of Reunion in 433 to the break down of unity and deposition of Flavian, bishop of Constantinople in 449. The western emperor Valentinian III and his powerful and fervently anti‐Nestorian elder sister Pulcheria worked for union, but met opposition in the east. Cyril of Alexandria remained a dominant figure until 444, but the churches in the major eastern sees were still divided, with conflicts often degenerating into disorder. The occasion for the break down was provided by the views of the archimandrite Eutyches, whose ideas on the one nature of Christ were in some respects outside the Formulary of Reunion.

Keywords: Alexandria; Antioch; Christological debate; Constantinople; Cyril of Alexandria; Nestorius; Valentinian III

Chapter.  8504 words. 

Subjects: History of Christianity

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