Chapter

The Critique of Metaphysics: Kant and Traditional Ontology

Karl Ameriks

in Interpreting Kant's Critiques

Published in print August 2003 | ISBN: 9780199247318
Published online January 2005 | e-ISBN: 9780191601699 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/0199247315.003.0005
 The Critique of Metaphysics: Kant and Traditional Ontology

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Contains a brief survey of the first Critique’s Transcendental Dialectic, but it is primarily devoted to a treatment of Kant’s changing views on the fundamental question of how to arrive at a theoretical account of the unity of the world that overcomes the shortcomings of occasionalism, theories of pre-established harmony, and naïve versions of the doctrine of ‘physical influx’. It stresses that although it is very difficult to determine exactly how Kant comes to a distinctive and stable position on this question, the topic is clearly of fundamental importance in all stages of his work, and throughout all of them he favours the affirmation of real interaction between finite substances. Draws on ideas and materials from lectures by Kant, and it also relies heavily on several newly found sets of notes (published in German only in 1983, and translated in 1997, with several corrections to the German edition) from Kant’s lectures on metaphysics.

Keywords: interaction; Lectures on Metaphysics; occasionalism; physical influx; pre-established harmony; substance; Transcendental Dialectic

Chapter.  12830 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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